International Online Collaboration Competencies in Higher Education Students: A Systematic Review

A. Kolm*, J. de Nooijer, K. Vanherle, A. Werkman, D. Wewerka-Kreimel, S. Rachman-Elbaum, J.J.G. van Merrienboer

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

6 Citations (Web of Science)


The COVID-19 pandemic has been forcing people to work remotely in virtual teams around the globe. Global virtual teamwork will continue, and people are not sufficiently prepared for this, resulting in reduced team commitment and lower performance. Higher education institutions need to equip their graduates with International Online Collaboration Competencies (IOCCs), but research into these is fragmented, lacking even a definition of these competencies. This study was systematically reviewing empirical studies on IOCCs. 516 studies were reviewed, and data from 14 full texts were analyzed. Six competence domains emerged from the literature. Most studies focused on single domains of IOCCs, and none of the studies covered all domains. Results indicate that this preliminary framework for higher education students provides a first overview of the fragmented literature on IOCCs. Methods to teach and evaluate IOCCs acquisition are underdeveloped but urgently needed to equip professionals for global virtual teamwork.
Original languageEnglish
Article number10283153211016272
Pages (from-to)183-201
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Studies in International Education
Issue number2
Early online date31 May 2021
Publication statusPublished - May 2022


  • international online collaboration
  • internationalization of higher education
  • International Online Collaboration Competencies
  • virtual teams
  • global teams

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