Intensity-Modulated Radiotherapy for Prostate Cancer Implementing Molecular Imaging with F-18-Choline PET-CT to Define a Simultaneous Integrated Boost

Michael Pinkawa*, Richard Holy, Marc D. Piroth, Jens Klotz, Sandra Nussen, Thomas Krohn, Felix M. Mottaghy, Martin Weibrecht, Michael J. Eble

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


To report the own experience with 66 patients who received 18F-choline PET-CT (positron emission tomography-computed tomography) for treatment planning.Image acquisition followed 1 h after injection of 178-355 MBq (18)F-choline. An intraprostatic lesion (GTV(PET) [gross tumor volume]) was defined by a tumor-to-background SUV (standard uptake value) ratio > 2. A dose of 76 Gy was prescribed to the prostate in 2-Gy fractions, with a simultaneous integrated boost up to 80 Gy.A boost volume could not be defined for a single patient. One, two and three or more lesions were found for 36 (55%), 22 (33%) and seven patients (11%). The lobe(s) with a positive biopsy correlated with a GTV(PET) in the same lobe in 63 cases (97%). GTV(PET) was additionally defined in 33 of 41 prostate lobes (80%) with only negative biopsies. GTV(PET), SUV(mean) and SUV(max) were found to be dependent on well-known prognostic risk factors, particularly T-stage and Gleason Score. In multivariate analysis, Gleason Score > 7 resulted as an independent factor for GTV(PET) > 8 cm(3) (hazard ratio 5.5; p = 0.02) and SUV(max) > 5 (hazard ratio 4.4; p = 0.04). Neoadjuvant hormonal treatment (NHT) did not affect SUV levels. The mean EUDs (equivalent uniform doses) to the rectum and bladder (55.9 Gy and 54.8 Gy) were comparable to patients (n = 18) who were treated in the same period without a boost (54.3 Gy and 55.6 Gy).Treatment planning with (18)F-choline PET-CT allows the definition of an integrated boost in nearly all prostate cancer patients - including patients after NHT - without considerably affecting EUDs for the organs at risk. GTV(PET) and SUV levels were found to be dependent on prognostic risk factors, particularly Gleason Score.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)600-606
JournalStrahlentherapie Und onkologie
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2010


  • Prostate cancer
  • Intensity-modulated radiotherapy
  • Simultaneous integrated boost
  • Dose escalation
  • Choline PET

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