Intensity-based dual model method for generation of synthetic CT images from standard T2-weighted MR images - Generalized technique for four different MR scanners

Lauri Koivula*, Mika Kapanen, Tiina Seppala, Juhani Collan, Jason A. Dowling, Peter B. Greer, Christian Gustafsson, Adalsteinn Gunnlaugsson, Lars E. Olsson, Leonard Wee, Juha Korhonen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

Background and purpose: Recent studies have shown that it is possible to conduct entire radiotherapy treatment planning (RTP) workflow using only MR images. This study aims to develop a generalized intensity-based method to generate synthetic CT (sCT) images from standard T2-weighted (T2(W)) MR images of the pelvis.

Materials and methods: This study developed a generalized dual model HU conversion method to convert standard T2(W) MR image intensity values to synthetic HU values, separately inside and outside of atlas-segmented bone volume contour. The method was developed and evaluated with 20 and 35 prostate cancer patients, respectively. MR images with scanning sequences in clinical use were acquired with four different MR scanners of three vendors.

Results: For the generated synthetic CT (sCT) images of the 35 prostate patients, the mean (and maximal) HU differences in soft and bony tissue volumes were 16 +/- 6 HUs (34 HUs) and -46 +/- 56 HUs (181 HUs), respectively, against the true CT images. The average of the PTV mean dose difference in sCTs compared to those in true CTs was -0.6 +/- 0.4% (-1.3%).

Conclusions: The study provides a generalized method for sCT creation from standard T2(W) images of the pelvis. The method produced clinically acceptable dose calculation results for all the included scanners and MR sequences. (c) 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)411-419
Number of pages9
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume125
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2017

Keywords

  • MRI-only
  • Radiation therapy
  • Synthetic CT images
  • DOSE CALCULATION ACCURACY
  • RADIATION-THERAPY
  • COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY
  • PROSTATE-CANCER
  • GEOMETRIC DISTORTION
  • VOLUME DELINEATION
  • RADIOTHERAPY
  • BRAIN
  • FEASIBILITY
  • DEFINITION

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