Intensity and Duration of Negative Emotions: Comparing the Role of Appraisals and Regulation Strategies

Karen Brans*, Philippe Verduyn

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

31 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Intensity and duration are two central characteristics of an emotional response. Appraisals and regulation strategies are among the most important determinants of these emotion features. However, as intensity and duration are only moderately correlated, appraisals and regulation strategies may be differently related to these characteristics. A systematic empirical study comparing predictors of emotion intensity and duration is missing. The goal of the present study is to fill this gap. Participants were asked to recall recently experienced episodes of anger, fear, disgust, guilt, sadness, and shame. Subsequently, they were asked to answer a number of questions regarding (a) the intensity and duration of these emotions, (b) their appraisal of the emotion-eliciting event, and (c) their use of a wide range of regulation strategies. Emotion intensity was found to be mainly predicted by appraisals whereas emotion duration was equally well predicted by appraisals and regulation strategies
Original languageEnglish
Article number92410
Number of pages13
JournalPLOS ONE
Volume9
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 26 Mar 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • SELF
  • EXPERIENCES
  • MODEL
  • DETERMINANTS
  • RUMINATION
  • PROFILES

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