Integration of Ion Mobility MS(E) after Fully Automated, Online, High-Resolution Liquid Extraction Surface Analysis Micro-Liquid Chromatography

Lieke Lamont, Mark Baumert, Nina Ogrinc Potocnik, Mark Allen, Rob Vreeken, Ron M. A. Heeren, Tiffany Porta*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

25 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Direct analysis by mass spectrometry (imaging) has become increasingly deployed in preclinical and clinical research due to its rapid and accurate readouts. However, when it comes to biomarker discovery or histopathological diagnostics, more sensitive and in-depth profiling from localized areas is required. We developed a comprehensive, fully automated online platform for high-resolution liquid extraction surface analysis (HR-LESA) followed by micro-liquid chromatography (LC) separation and a data-independent acquisition strategy for untargeted and low abundant analyte identification directly from tissue sections. Applied to tissue sections of rat pituitary, the platform demonstrated improved spatial resolution, allowing sample areas as small as 400 mu m to be studied, a major advantage over conventional LESA. The platform integrates an online buffer exchange and washing step for removal of salts and other endogenous contamination that originates from local tissue extraction. Our carry over free platform showed high reproducibility, with an interextraction variability below 30%. Another strength of the platform is the additional selectivity provided by a postsampling gas-phase ion mobility separation. This allowed distinguishing coeluted isobaric compounds without requiring additional separation time. Furthermore, we identified untargeted and low-abundance analytes, including neuropeptides deriving from the pro-opiomelanocortin precursor protein and localized a specific area of the pituitary gland (i.e., adenohypophysis) known to secrete neuropeptides and other small metabolites related to development, growth, and metabolism. This platform can thus be applied for the in-depth study of small samples of complex tissues with histologic features of similar to 400 mu m or more, including potential neuropeptide markers involved in many diseases such as neurodegenerative diseases, obesity, bulimia, and anorexia nervosa.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11143-11150
Number of pages8
JournalAnalytical Chemistry
Volume89
Issue number20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 17 Oct 2017

Keywords

  • IONIZATION-MASS-SPECTROMETRY
  • THIN TISSUE-SECTIONS
  • HUMAN BRAIN-TUMORS
  • AMBIENT IONIZATION
  • BIOLOGICAL TISSUES
  • MALDI-TOF
  • METABOLITES
  • CANCER
  • TOOL
  • DIAGNOSTICS

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