Integrating professionalism into the curriculum

Helen O'Sullivan*, Walther Van Mook, Ray Fewtrell, Val Wass

*Corresponding author for this work

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Professional values and behaviours are intrinsic to all medical practice yet remain one of the most difficult subjects to integrate explicitly into a curriculum. Professionalism in the twenty-first century raises challenges not only for the adaptation of the medical training programme to changing societal values but also for ensuring that trainees gain the skills for self-directed continuous development and future revalidation. This article is an introduction to the AMEE Guide in Medical Education No 61: Integrating Professionalism into the Curriculum (, which is based on the extensive contemporary available literature. An evidence-based approach has been taken throughout the Guide as it focuses on instilling professionalism positively into both undergraduate and postgraduate training. It takes a structured, stepwise approach and sequentially addresses: (i) agreeing an institutional definition, (ii) structuring the curriculum to integrate learning across all years, (iii) suggesting learning models, (iv) harnessing the impact of the formal, informal and hidden curricula and (v) assessing the learning of the trainee. A few well-evaluated case studies for both teaching and assessment have been selected to illustrate the recommendations.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)155-157
JournalMedical Teacher
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2012

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