Objective: Insulin-induced capillary recruitment is considered a significant regulator of overall insulin-stimulated glucose uptake. Insulin's action to recruit capillaries has been hypothesized to involve insulin-induced changes in vasomotion. Data directly linking vasomotion to capillary perfusion, however, are presently lacking. We, therefore, investigated whether insulin's actions on capillary recruitment and vasomotion were interrelated in a group of healthy individuals. We further assessed the role of capillary recruitment in the association between vasomotion and insulin-mediated glucose uptake. Methods: Changes in vasomotion and capillary density were determined by LDF and capillary videomicroscopy in skin, respectively, before and during a hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp in 19 healthy volunteers. Results: Insulin-induced increase in the neurogenic vasomotion domain was positively related to insulin-augmented capillary recruitment (r = 0.51, p = 0.04), and both parameters were related to insulin-mediated glucose uptake (r = 0.47, p = 0.06 and r = 0.73, p = 0.001, respectively). The change in insulin-augmented capillary recruitment could, at least statistically, largely explain the association between the neurogenic domain and insulin-mediated glucose uptake. Conclusions: Insulin-induced changes in vasomotion and capillary recruitment are associated in healthy volunteers. These data suggest that insulin's action to recruit capillaries may in part involve action on the neurogenic vasomotion domain, thereby enhancing capillary perfusion and glucose uptake.
- capillary recruitment
- insulin sensitivity