The prevailing ownership-based theories of the firm are increasingly being challenged by new forms of organising, as exemplified by the asian network multinational enterprise (mne). We believe that an institutional approach, that tries to bridge both the macro and micro levels of analysis, and that encompasses both formal and informal institutions, offers a promising way to advance our understanding of the different forms of the contemporary mne. This paper introduces a theoretical framework that draws substantially on the work of douglass north, and examines how an institutional dimension can be incorporated into the three components of the oli paradigm.
Dunning, J. H., & Lundan, S. M. (2008). Institutions and the OLI paradigm of the multinational enterprise. Asia Pacific Journal of Management, 25(4), 573-593. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10490-007-9074-z