Initial Implementation of Resident-Sensitive Quality Measures in the Pediatric Emergency Department: A Wide Range of Performance

Daniel J. Schumacher*, Abigail Martini, Eric Holmboe, Carol Carraccio, Cees van der Vleuten, Brad Sobolewski, Jamiu Busari, Terri L. Byczkowski

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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A lack of quality measures aligned with residents' work led to the development of resident-sensitive quality measures (RSQMs). This study sought to describe how often residents complete RSQMs, both individually and collectively, when they are implemented in the clinical environment.


During academic year 2017-2018, categorical pediatric residents in the Cincinnati Children's Hospital Medical Center pediatric emergency department were assessed using RSQMs for acute asthma exacerbation (21 RSQMs), bronchiolitis (23 RSQMs), and closed head injury (19 RSQMs). Following eligible patient encounters, all individual RSQMs for the illnesses of interest were extracted from the health record. Frequencies of 3 performance classifications (opportunity and met, opportunity and not met, or no opportunity) were detailed for each RSQM. A composite score for each encounter was calculated by determining the proportion of individual RSQMs performed out of the total possible RSQMs that could have been performed.


Eighty-three residents cared for 110 patients with asthma, 112 with bronchiolitis, and 77 with closed head injury during the study period. Residents had the opportunity to meet the RSQMs in most encounters, but exceptions existed. There was a wide range in the frequency of residents meeting RSQMs in encounters in which the opportunity existed. One closed head injury measure was met in all encounters in which the opportunity existed. Across illnesses, some RSQMs were met in almost all encounters, while others were met in far fewer encounters. RSQM composite scores demonstrated significant range and variation as well-asthma: mean = 0.81 (standard deviation [SD] = 0.11) and range = 0.47-1.00, bronchiolitis: mean = 0.62 (SD = 0.12) and range = 0.35-0.91, and closed head injury: mean = 0.63 (SD = 0.10) and range = 0.44-0.89.


Individually and collectively, RSQMs can distinguish variations in the tasks residents perform across patient encounters.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1248-1255
Number of pages8
JournalAcademic Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2020


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