BACKGROUND: Data comparing rotational atherectomy (RA) with orbital atherectomy (OA) for calcified lesions is inconclusive and based on single observational studies in populations with limited numbers of patients.
AIMS: The aim of the study was to perform a meta‑analysis of observational studies comparing RA with OA for calcified lesions prior to percutaneous coronary intervention.
METHODS: Electronic databases were searched for studies comparing short‑term outcomes of RA with OA prior to percutaneous coronary intervention. Risk ratios (RRs) or mean differences (MD) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were calculated using a random‑effects model.
RESULTS: Meta‑analysis included 6 retrospective studies with 1590 patients treated with RA and 721 with OA. The latter was associated with shorter fluoroscopy time (MD, -3.40 min; 95% CI, -4.76 to -2.04; P <0.001, I2 = 0%), but contrast use was similar (MD, -2.78 ml; 95% CI, -16.04 to 10.47; P = 0.68; I2 = 67%). Although coronary dissection occurred 4‑fold more frequently with OA (RR, 3.87; 95% CI, 1.37-10.93; P = 0.01; I2 = 0%), perforations (RR, 2.73; 95% CI, 0.46-16.30, P = 0.27; I2 = 41), tamponade (RR, 1.78; 95% CI, 0.37-8.58; P = 0.47; I2 = 0%), and slow or no‑reflow phenomenon (RR, 0.81; 95% CI, 0.35-1.84; P = 0.61; I2 = 0%) occurred with similar frequency. The risk of 30‑day or in‑hospital myocardial infarction was lower in OA as compared with RA (RR, 0.67; 95% CI, 0.47-0.94; P = 0.02; I2 = 0%), yet the risk of in‑hospital mortality (RR, 0.73; 95% CI, 0.11-4.64; P = 0.74; I2 = 43%) and length of stay (MD, -0.27 days; 95% CI, -0.76 to -0.23; P = 0.29; I2 = 0%) did not differ.
CONCLUSIONS: Orbital atherectomy was associated with a lower risk of early myocardial infarction. However, a higher rate of coronary dissections produced by OA did not translate into increased risk of perforations, slow or no‑reflow phenomenon, or in‑hospital mortality.
- Aged, 80 and over
- Atherectomy, Coronary/adverse effects
- Atherectomy/adverse effects
- Coronary Stenosis/surgery
- Hospital Mortality
- Middle Aged
- Myocardial Infarction/etiology
- No-Reflow Phenomenon/etiology
- Percutaneous Coronary Intervention/adverse effects
- Treatment Outcome
- calcified stenosis
- PLAQUE MODIFICATION
- MICROCIRCULATORY RESISTANCE