Inhibition of LPS-responses by synthetic peptides derived from LBP associates with the ability of the peptides to block LBP-LPS interaction.

J. de Arana M, M.G. Vallespi, G. Chinea, G.V. Vallespi, I. Rodriguez-Alonso, H.E. Garay, W.A. Buurman, O. Reyes

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Abstract

Inhibition of LPS-responses by synthetic peptides derived from LBP associates with the ability of the peptides to block LBP-LPS interaction.

Arana Mde J, Vallespi MG, Chinea G, Vallespi GV, Rodriguez-Alonso I, Garay HE, Buurman WA, Reyes O.

Division of Chemistry & Physics, Center for Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology, La Habana, Cuba. manuel.arana@cigb.edu.cu

The ability of LPS-binding protein (LBP) to greatly potentiate cell responses to lipopolysaccharide (LPS) may largely contribute to LPS toxicity in sepsis. The study of agents with the capacity to block the interaction between LBP and LPS might improve the understanding of the role of LBP in Gram-negative infections as well as offering new therapeutic tools for septic disorders. Here we confirm the ability of synthetic peptides comprising the human LBP amino acid region 86-108 to interfere with the LBP-LPS interaction. The analysis of selected alanine mutants of a blocking peptide corresponding to the LBP region 86-99 suggests the importance of peptide amphipathicity for the inhibitory activity. The potency of the native peptide and a selected analogue at inhibiting in vitro and in vivo LPS-induced responses was associated with their relative activity in blocking LBP-LPS interaction. It was remarkable that these peptides were at least 500-fold more active in vivo than in vitro. Also, the inhibitory activity of peptides LBP86-99 and LBPK95A seems to be independent of LBP concentrations, a behavior that may be relevant for the potential use of these peptides in septic disorders where LBP serum concentrations are considerably elevated
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)281-291
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Endotoxin Research
Volume9
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

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