Influence of Onset to Imaging Time on Radiological Thrombus Characteristics in Acute Ischemic Stroke

Manon L. Tolhuisen*, Manon Kappelhof, Bruna G. Dutra, Ivo G. H. Jansen, Valeria Guglielmi, Diederik W. J. Dippel, Wim H. van Zwam, Robert J. van Oostenbrugge, Aad van der Lugt, Yvo B. W. E. M. Roos, Charles B. L. M. Majoie, Matthan W. A. Caan, Henk A. Marquering, MR CLEAN Registry Investigators

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Introduction: Radiological thrombus characteristics are associated with patient outcomes and treatment success after acute ischemic stroke. These characteristics could be expected to undergo time-dependent changes due to factors influencing thrombus architecture like blood stasis, clot contraction, and natural thrombolysis. We investigated whether stroke onset-to-imaging time was associated with thrombus length, perviousness, and density in the MR CLEAN Registry population. Methods: We included 245 patients with M1-segment occlusions and thin-slice baseline CT imaging from the MR CLEAN Registry, a nation-wide multicenter registry of patients who underwent endovascular treatment for acute ischemic stroke within 6.5 h of onset in the Netherlands. We used multivariable linear regression to investigate the effect of stroke onset-to-imaging time (per 5 min) on thrombus length (in mm), perviousness and density (both in Hounsfield Units). In the first model, we adjusted for age, sex, intravenous thrombolysis, antiplatelet use, and history of atrial fibrillation. In a second model, we additionally adjusted for observed vs. non-observed stroke onset, CT-angiography collateral score, direct presentation at a thrombectomy-capable center vs. transfer, and stroke etiology. We performed exploratory subgroup analyses for intravenous thrombolysis administration, observed vs. non-observed stroke onset, direct presentation vs. transfer, and stroke etiology. Results: Median stroke onset-to-imaging time was 83 (interquartile range 53-141) min. Onset to imaging time was not associated with thrombus length nor perviousness (beta 0.002; 95% CI -0.004 to 0.007 and beta -0.002; 95% CI -0.015 to 0.011 per 5 min, respectively) and was weakly associated with thrombus density in the fully adjusted model (adjusted beta 0.100; 95% CI 0.005-0.196 HU per 5 min). The subgroup analyses showed no heterogeneity of these findings in any of the subgroups, except for a significantly positive relation between onset-to-imaging time and thrombus density in patients transferred from a primary stroke center (adjusted beta 0.18; 95% CI 0.022-0.35). Conclusion: In our population of acute ischemic stroke patients, we found no clear association between onset-to-imaging time and radiological thrombus characteristics. This suggests that elapsed time from stroke onset plays a limited role in the interpretation of radiological thrombus characteristics and their effect on treatment results, at least in the early time window.

Original languageEnglish
Article number693427
Number of pages7
JournalFrontiers in Neurology
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 18 Jun 2021

Keywords

  • ischemic stroke
  • endovascular treatment
  • radiological thrombus characteristics
  • acute ischemic stroke
  • computed tomography
  • thrombus perviousness
  • thrombus length
  • thrombus density
  • SUCCESSFUL RECANALIZATION
  • PLASMINOGEN-ACTIVATOR
  • THROMBOLYSIS
  • THROMBECTOMY
  • CT
  • CONTRACTION
  • CIRCULATION
  • DENSITY
  • IMPACT
  • LENGTH

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