Influence of nanoporous poly(ether imide) particle extracts on human aortic endothelial cells (HAECs)

Reddi K. Kumar, Sayantani Basu, Horst-Dieter Lemke, Joachim Jankowski, Karl Kratz, Andreas Lendlein, Sarada D. Tetali*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Accumulated uremic toxins like indoxyl sulphate, hippuric acid and p-cresyl sulphates in renal failure patients stimulate proinflammatory effects, and consequently kidney and cardiovascular diseases. Low clearance rate of these uremic toxins from the blood of uremic patients by conventional techniques like hemodialysis is due to their strong covalent albumin binding (greater than 95%) and hydrophobic nature, which led to alternatives like usage of hydrophobic adsorber's in removing these toxins from the plasma of kidney patients. Polymers like polyethylene, polyurethane, polymethylmethacrylate, cellophane and polytetrafluoroethylene were already in use as substitutes for metal devices as dialysis membranes. Among new synthetic polymers, one such ideal adsorber material are highly porous microparticles of poly(ether imide) (PEI) with diameters in the range from 50-180 mu m and a porosity around 88 +/- 2% prepared by a spraying and coagulation process.

It is essential to make sure that these synthetic polymers should not evoke any inflammatory or apoptotic response during dialysis. Therefore in our study we evaluated in vitro effect of PEI microparticle extracts in human aortic endothelial cells (HEACs) concerning toxicity, inflammation and apoptosis. No cell toxicity was observed when HAECs were treated with PEI extracts and inflammatory/apoptotic markers were not upregulated in presence of PEI extracts. Our results ensure biocompatibility of PEI particles and further hemocompatibility of particles will be tested.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)931-940
Number of pages10
JournalClinical Hemorheology and Microcirculation
Volume64
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Keywords

  • Poly(ether imide) (PEI)
  • biomaterial
  • inflammation
  • apoptosis
  • medical devices
  • Tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha)
  • HUMAN MONOCYTIC THP-1
  • UREMIC TOXINS
  • ATHEROSCLEROSIS
  • INFLAMMATION
  • DYSFUNCTION
  • ACTIVATION
  • EXPRESSION
  • APOPTOSIS
  • RELEVANCE
  • PATHWAYS

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