Influence of Contrast Media Viscosity and Temperature on Injection Pressure in Computed Tomographic Angiography A Phantom Study

Madeleine Kok, Casper Mihl, Alma A. Mingels, Bas L. Kietselaer, Georg Muhlenbruch, Anna Seehofnerova, Joachim E. Wildberger, Marco Das*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Purpose Iodinated contrast media (CM) in computed tomographic angiography is characterized by its concentration and, consecutively, by its viscosity. Viscosity itself is directly influenced by temperature, which will furthermore affect injection pressure. Therefore, the purposes of this study were to systematically evaluate the viscosity of different CM at different temperatures and to assess their impact on injection pressure in a circulation phantom. Materials and Methods Initially, viscosity of different contrast media concentrations (240, 300, 370, and 400 mgI/mL) was measured at different temperatures (20 degrees C-40 degrees C) with a commercially available viscosimeter. In the next step, a circulation phantom with physical conditions was used. Contrast media were prepared at different temperatures (20 degrees C, 30 degrees C, 37 degrees C) and injected through a standard 18-gauge needle. All other relevant parameters were kept constant (iodine delivery rate, 1.9 g I/s; total amount of iodine, 15 g I). Peak flow rate (in milliliter per second) and injection pressure (psi) were monitored. Differences in significance were tested using the Kruskal-Wallis test (Statistical Package for the Social Sciences). Results Viscosities for iodinated CM of 240, 300, 370, and 400 mg I/mL at 20 degrees C were 5.1, 9.1, 21.2, and 28.8 mPa.s, respectively, whereas, at 40 degrees C, these were substantially lower (2.8, 4.4, 8.7, and 11.2 mPa.s). In the circulation phantom, mean (SD) peak pressures for CM of 240 mg I/mL at 20 degrees C, 30 degrees C, and 37 degrees C were 107 (1.5), 95 (0.6), and 92 (2.1) psi; for CM of 300 mg I/mL, 119 (1.5), 104 (0.6), and 100 (3.6) psi; for CM of 370 mg I/mL, 150 (0.6), 133 (4.4), and 120 (3.5) psi; and for CM of 400 mg I/mL, 169 (1.0), 140 (2.1), and 135 (2.9) psi, respectively, with all P values less than 0.05. Conclusions Low concentration, low viscosity, and high temperatures of CM are beneficial in terms of injection pressure. This should also be considered for individually tailored contrast protocols in daily routine scanning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)217-223
JournalInvestigative Radiology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014


  • multidetector-row computed tomography
  • contrast media
  • coronary CTA


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