Influence of beta(2)-adrenoceptor gene polymorphisms on diet-induced thermogenesis

J.M. Oomen, P.M. Waijers, C. van Rossum, B. Hoebee, W.H. Saris, M.A. van Baak

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Abstract

The sympathetic nervous system is involved in the control of energy metabolism and expenditure. Diet-induced thermogenesis is mediated partly by the ss-adrenergic component of this system. The aim of the present study was to investigate the role of genetic variation in the beta(2)-adrenoceptor in diet-induced thermogenesis. Data from twenty-four subjects (fourteen men and ten women; BMI 26.7(sem 0.8) kg/m(2); age 45.2(sem1.4) years) with different polymorphisms of the beta(2)-adrenoceptor at codon 16 (Gly16Gly, Gly16Arg or Arg16Arg) were recruited for this study. Subjects were given a high-carbohydrate liquid meal, and the energy expenditure, respiratory exchange ratio, and plasma concentrations of NEFA, glycerol, glucose, insulin and catecholamines were measured before and over 4 h after the meal. The AUC of energy expenditure (diet-induced thermogenesis) was not significantly different between polymorphism groups, nor was the response of any of the other measured variables to the meal. In a multiple regression model, the only variable that explained a significant proportion (32 %) of the variation in diet-induced thermogenesis was the increase in plasma adrenaline in response to the meal (P<0.05). The beta(2)-adrenoceptor codon16 polymorphisms did not contribute significantly. In conclusion, an independent contribution of the codon 16 polymorphism of the beta(2)-adrenoceptor gene to the variation in thermogenic response to a high-carbohydrate meal could not be demonstrated. The interindividual variation in thermogenic response to the meal was correlated with variations in the plasma adrenaline response to the meal. AD - Department of Human Biology/NUTRIM, Maastricht University, Maastricht, The Netherlands. j.oomen@hb.unimaas.nl
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)647-654
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Volume94
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005

Cite this

Oomen, J. M., Waijers, P. M., van Rossum, C., Hoebee, B., Saris, W. H., & van Baak, M. A. (2005). Influence of beta(2)-adrenoceptor gene polymorphisms on diet-induced thermogenesis. British Journal of Nutrition, 94(5), 647-654. https://doi.org/10.1079/BJN20051516