Indoor environment and respiratory symptoms in children living in the Dutch-German borderland

M.A.H. Mommers, A.W. Jongmans-Liedekerken, R. Derkx, W. Dott, P. Mertens, C.P. van Schayck, A. Steup, G.M.H. Swaen, B. Ziemer, M. Weishoff-Houben

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relation between indoor environmental risk factors and respiratory symptoms in 7-8-year-old children living in the Dutch-German borderland. METHODS: A nested case-control study was conducted among children participating in a large longitudinal study on respiratory health. Parents of all 781 children with respiratory complaints and an equal number of randomly selected controls were asked to complete a questionnaire, including questions on indoor environment. RESULTS: The parents of 1191 children (76.2%) participated. Past exposure to environmental (OR = 2.73, 95% CI 1.14-6.67) as well as in utero exposure (OR = 2.28, 95% CI 1.15-4.53) to tobacco smoke, use of an unvented geyser for water heating (OR = 3.01, 95% CI 1.21-7.56), long-term exposure to dampness (OR = 2.98, 95% CI 1.10-8.28) or pets (OR = 2.18, 95% CI 1.39-3.42) increased the risk of asthmatic symptoms in 7-8-year-old children. A middle or low socio-economic status also increased the risk of asthmatic symptoms. An inverse association with asthmatic symptoms was seen for wall-to-wall carpeting (OR = 0.57, 95% CI 0.33-0.95) and insulation measures (OR = 0.46, 95% CI 0.25-0.83). Except for the presence of an unvented geyser, these environmental risk factors also presented a risk for coughing symptoms in children. CONCLUSION: This study showed an increased risk of respiratory symptoms in children exposed to several indoor environmental risk factors
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-381
JournalInternational Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health
Volume208
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2005

Cite this

Mommers, M. A. H., Jongmans-Liedekerken, A. W., Derkx, R., Dott, W., Mertens, P., van Schayck, C. P., Steup, A., Swaen, G. M. H., Ziemer, B., & Weishoff-Houben, M. (2005). Indoor environment and respiratory symptoms in children living in the Dutch-German borderland. International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health, 208(5), 373-381. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijheh.2005.04.007