Background: Stage III non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) still has a poor prognosis. Prior studies with individualized, accelerated, isotoxic dose escalation (INDAR) with 3D-CRT showed promising results, especially in patients not treated with concurrent chemo-radiotherapy. We investigated if INDAR delivered with IMRT would improve the overall survival (OS) of stage III NSCLC patients treated with concurrent chemotherapy and radiotherapy.
Patients and methods: Patients eligible for concurrent chemo-radiotherapy were entered in this prospective study. Radiotherapy was given to a dose of 45 Gy/30 fractions BID (1.5 Gy/fraction), followed by QD fractions of 2 Gy until a total dose determined by the normal tissue constraints. The primary endpoint was OS, secondary endpoints were loco-regional relapses and toxicity.
Results: From May 4, 2009 until April 26, 2012, 185 patients were included. The mean tumor dose was 66.0 +/- 12.8 Gy (36-73 Gy), delivered in a mean of 39.7 fractions in an overall treatment time of 38.2 days. The mean lung dose (MLD) was 17.3 Gy. The median OS was 19.8 months (95% CI 17.3-22.3) with a 5-year OS of 24.3%. Loco-regional failures as first site of recurrence occurred in 59/185 patients (31.8%). Isolated nodal failures (INF) were observed in 3/185 patients (1.6%). Dyspnea grade 3 was seen in 3.2% of patients and transient dysphagia grade 3 in 22%.
Conclusions: INDAR with IMRT concurrently with chemotherapy did not lead to a sign of an improved OS in unselected stage III NSCLC patients. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
- Non-small cell lung cancer
- Individualized radiotherapy
- Concurrent chemotherapy radiotherapy
- Phase II trial
- NORMAL TISSUE CONSTRAINTS
- LOCALLY ADVANCED HEAD
- LONG-TERM SURVIVAL