Increased forefoot loading is associated with an increased plantar flexion moment

T. Melai, N.C. Schaper, T.H. Ijzerman, T.L. de Lange, P.J. Willems, K. Meijer, A.G. Lieverse, H.H. Savelberg

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Abstract

The aim of this study was to identify the cascade of effects leading from alterations in force generation around the ankle joint to increased plantar pressures under the forefoot. Gait analysis including plantar pressure measurement was performed at an individually preferred and a standardized, imposed gait velocity in diabetic subjects with polyneuropathy (n=94), without polyneuropathy (n=39) and healthy elderly (n=19). The plantar flexion moment at 40% of the stance phase was negatively correlated with the displacement rate of center of pressure (r=-.749, p<.001 at the imposed, and r=-.693, p<.001 at the preferred gait velocity). Displacement rate of center of pressure was strongly correlated with forefoot loading (r=-.837, p<.001 at the imposed, and r=-.731, p<.001 at the preferred gait velocity). People with a relatively high plantar flexion moment at 40% of the stance phase, have a faster forward transfer of center of pressure and consequently higher loading of the forefoot. This indicates that interventions aimed at increasing the control of the roll-off of the foot may contribute to a better plantar pressure distribution.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)785-793
Number of pages9
JournalHuman Movement Science
Volume32
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2013

Keywords

  • Polyneuropathy
  • Diabetes
  • Gait analysis
  • Plantar pressure
  • Pressure time integral
  • Lower extremity
  • DIABETIC-NEUROPATHY
  • PERIPHERAL NEUROPATHY
  • MUSCLE WEAKNESS
  • GAIT CHARACTERISTICS
  • FOOT ULCERATION
  • PRESSURE
  • WALKING
  • POLYNEUROPATHY
  • PREDICTORS

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