Increased factor XIa levels in patients with a first acute myocardial infarction: The introduction of a new thrombin generation based factor XIa assay

R. Loeffen*, R. van Oerle, P. G. de Groot, J. Waltenberger, H. J. Crijns, H. M. H. Spronk, H. ten Cate

*Corresponding author for this work

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Objective: One of the contributing mechanisms in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) is plasma hypercoagulability. Recently, it was suggested that factor XI activation might play a role in atherothrombosis. To quantify factor XIa plasma levels, we developed a new thrombin generation based assay and hypothesized that in AMI patients factor XIa levels are increased during the acute thrombotic event. Methods: A prospective cohort study was performed including 56 patients with first AMI. Blood was collected upon admission and after 6 months. Reference blood samples were obtained from 30 apparently healthy control subjects. Plasma samples were diluted (1:5) in factor XI deficient plasma and factor XIa plasma levels were established using a reference curve (0-12.5 pM factor XIa) and an inhibitory anti-factor XIa antibody. The established FXIa concentrations were related to the 1-year outcome. Results: Factor XIa plasma concentrations were significantly increased in AMI patients on admission compared to 6 months after the event (3.7 pM [2.7-5.5] vs. 2.8 [1.9-4.3], median +/- IQR; P = 0.001) and compared to healthy controls (3.7 pM [2.7-5.5] vs. 2.7 [1.6-4.2], median +/- IQR; P = 0.004). However, a high factor FXIa level at baseline was not significantly associated with a recurrent cardiovascular event (OR 1.26, 95% CI 0.33-4.7). Conclusions: This study presents the first application of a new thrombin generation based factor XIa assay, showing significantly increased factor XIa levels in AMI patients on admission compared to 6 months after the event and compared to healthy controls. The factor XIa concentration was not associated with the risk of recurrence.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1328-1334
JournalThrombosis Research
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2014

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