Increased cell seeding efficiency in bioplotted three-dimensional PEOT/PBT scaffolds

A. M. Leferink, W. J. Hendrikson, J. Rouwkema, M. Karperien, C. A. van Blitterswijk, L. Moroni*

*Corresponding author for this work

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In regenerative medicine studies, cell seeding efficiency is not only optimized by changing the chemistry of the biomaterials used as cell culture substrates, but also by altering scaffold geometry, culture and seeding conditions. In this study, the importance of seeding parameters, such as initial cell number, seeding volume, seeding concentration and seeding condition is shown. Human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) were seeded into cylindrically shaped 4 ? 3 mm polymeric scaffolds, fabricated by fused deposition modelling. The initial cell number ranged from 5 ? 10(4) to 8 ? 10(5) cells, in volumes varying from 50 ?l to 400 ?l. To study the effect of seeding conditions, a dynamic system, by means of an agitation plate, was compared with static culture for both scaffolds placed in a well plate or in a confined agarose moulded well. Cell seeding efficiency decreased when seeded with high initial cell numbers, whereas 2 ? 10(5) cells seemed to be an optimal initial cell number in the scaffolds used here. The influence of seeding volume was shown to be dependent on the initial cell number used. By optimizing seeding parameters for each specific culture system, a more efficient use of donor cells can be achieved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)679-689
JournalJournal of Tissue Engineering and Regenerative Medicine
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2016


  • cell seeding efficiency
  • mesenchymal stromal cells
  • rapid prototyping

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