Background: Limited data are available on the impact of fasting glucose on outcome after intra-arterial treatment (IAT). We studied whether hyperglycemia on admission and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) are associated with unfavorable outcome after IAT in acute ischemic stroke. Methods: Patients were derived from the pretrial registry of the MR CLEAN-trial. Hyperglycemia on admission was defined as glucose > 7.8 mmol/L, IFG as fasting glucose > 5.5 mmol/L in the first week of admission. Primary effect measure was the adjusted common odds ratio (acOR) for a shift in the direction of worse outcome on the modified Rankin Scale at discharge, estimated with ordinal logistic regression, adjusted for common prognostic factors. Results: Of the 335 patients in which glucose on admission was available, 86 (26%) were hyperglycemic, 148 of the 240 patients with available fasting glucose levels (62%) had IFG. Median admission glucose was 6.8 mmol/L (IQR 6-8). Increased admission glucose (acOR 1.2, 95%Cl 1.1-1.3), hyperglycemia on admission (acOR 2.6, 95%Cl 1.5-4.6) and IFG (acOR 2.8, 95%Cl 1.4-5.6) were associated with worse functional outcome at discharge. Conclusion: Increased glucose on admission and IFG in the first week after stroke onset are associated with unfavorable short-term outcome after IAT of acute ischemic stroke.
- Intra-arterial treatment