Incidence and treatment of recurrent disease after cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy for peritoneally metastasized colorectal cancer: A systematic review

T. R. van Oudheusden, S. W. Nienhuijs, M. D. Luyer, G. A. Nieuwenhuijzen, V. E. Lemmens, H. J. Rutten, I. H. de Hingh*

*Corresponding author for this work

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30 Citations (Web of Science)


The optimal treatment for peritoneal carcinomatosis (PC) of colorectal origin is a combination of cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy (CRS?+?IPC). Although 5-year survival rates of up to 40% have been reported, recurrent disease remains common and is estimated to be a strong negative prognostic factor for survival. This systematic review elaborates on the incidence of recurrent disease and the possibilities to prevent and treat recurrence.Two searches were performed. To identify the magnitude of recurrent the disease, a search was performed in Pubmed and EMBASE until September 2014. A second search was performed in Pubmed to identify treatment of recurrent disease with secondary CRS?+?IPC.The first search resulted in 139 and 94 articles in Pubmed and EMBASE respectively. Among those, 28 were included. Overall recurrence rates ranged from 22.5 to 82%. Local, systemic and combined local-systemic recurrence ranged from 6 to 42.5%, 10.4-43% and 5.8-21.5%. Median time to recurrence varied from 9 to 23 months, three-year disease free survival ranged from 14 to 41.5%. The second search resulted in 140 articles among which 17 met the inclusion criteria. A total of 190 patients underwent secondary CRS. Median survival after the second procedure ranged from 18 to 55.7 months. One, two and three-year survival ranged between 66 and 94, 44-50 and 0-66%.Recurrence is very common after cytoreductive surgery and intraperitoneal chemotherapy for PC of colorectal origin. Repeat cytoreductive surgery suggests a potential survival benefit for a highly selected group. Therefore, strategies to prevent recurrence are of the utmost importance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1269-1277
JournalEuropean Journal of Surgical Oncology
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015


  • Peritoneal carcinomatosis
  • Cytoreductive surgery
  • Intraperitoneal chemotherapy
  • Recurrent disease
  • Colorectal cancer

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