Abstract Objective. Antimicrobial peptides and tight junction proteins are crucial to maintain mucosal immunity. It is known that oat beta-glucan may affect intestinal immunity. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of oat beta-glucan on the presence of antimicrobial peptides and tight junction protein. Material and methods. We analyzed antimicrobial peptide levels in fecal water prepared from 24 h ileostomic bag contents obtained from ileostomic patients consuming oat beta-glucan enriched or control diets in a cross-over design. In addition, intestinal sections of mice, which received oat beta-glucan via oral gavages for 3.5 days, were analyzed for lysozyme and zonula occludens-1 expression. Results. We observed a trend toward lower lysozyme (-23%; p = 0.076) and bactericidal/permeability-increasing protein (-17%; p = 0.098) levels in oat beta-glucan enriched fecal water as compared with placebo. Additionally, mice receiving oat beta-glucan showed a lower lysozyme expression in stained distal small intestinal sections (p = 0.011). Staining of zonula occludens-1 was decreased in beta-glucan treated mice indicating disruption of the tight junction integrity. Conclusions. In conclusion, the consumption of oat beta-glucan seems to decrease the levels of antimicrobial peptides in fecal water from human ileostomy patients and its expression in distal small intestine sections in mice. The decreased intestinal integrity in mice could be explained by the drop in antimicrobial peptides.
- Antimicrobial peptides
- immune modulation
- tight junction
- BACTERICIDAL/PERMEABILITY-INCREASING PROTEIN
- ANTIMICROBIAL PEPTIDES