Improving Lifelong Learning by Fostering Students' Learning Strategies at University

T. Endres*, J. Leber, C. Bottger, S. Rovers, A. Renkl

*Corresponding author for this work

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The foundation of how students usually learn is laid early in their academic lives. However, many or even most students do not primarily rely on those learning strategies that are most favorable from a scientific point of view. To change students' learning behavior when they start their university education, we developed a computer-based adaptive learning environment to train favorable learning strategies and change students' habits using them. This learning environment pursues three main goals: acquiring declarative and conditional knowledge about learning strategies, consolidating that knowledge, and applying these learning strategies in practice. In this report, we describe four experimental studies conducted to optimize this learning environment (n = 336). With those studies, we improved the learning environment with respect to how motivating it is, investigated an efficient way to consolidate knowledge, and explored how to facilitate the formation of effective implementation intentions for applying learning strategies and changing learning habits. Our strategy-training module is implemented in the curriculum for freshman students at the Department of Psychology, University of Freiburg (Germany). Around 120 students take part in our program every year. An open version of this training intervention is freely available to everyone.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1475725720952025
Pages (from-to)144-160
Number of pages18
JournalPsychology Learning and Teaching
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021


  • adaptive computer-based learning
  • learning-strategies training
  • outcomes
  • protocols
  • retention
  • retrieval practice
  • self-regulated learning
  • testing effect in the classroom
  • Self-regulated learning
  • Adaptive computer-based learning
  • Testing effect in the classroom
  • Learning-strategies training

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