Implementing a patient decision aid, a process evaluation of a large-scale pre- and post-implementation trial

D. B. Raphael Daniela, N. S. Russell, E. van Werkhoven, J. M. Immink, D. P. G. Westhoff, M. C. Stenfert Kroese, M. R. Stam, L. M. van Maurik, C. M. J. van Gestel, T. Van der Weijden, L. J. Boersma*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

1 Citation (Web of Science)


Purpose Patient decision aids (PtDAs) have been reported to have a positive influence on patients making a health care decision in trials. Nevertheless, post-trial implementation is poor. The aim of this study is to explore patient, clinician, and organizational success factors for implementing a PtDA designed for breast cancer patients, facing a decision on their radiation treatment. Methods We performed a process evaluation within a multi-center pre- and post-implementation trial. The PtDA was incorporated as much as possible in the logistics of 13 participating centers. Tracking data were collected on PtDA use. Process characteristics were recorded by both clinicians and patients. A logistic regression method was applied to investigate which process characteristics were significantly related to the probability that patients logged in to the PtDA. Results 189 patients received the PtDA of whom140 (77%) used the PtDA. If patients received the link via the surgery department they were more likely to use the PtDA (OR 9.77 (1.28-74.51)), compared to patients that received the link via the radiation oncology department. If the report of the multidisciplinary team stated that radiation treatment "had to be discussed with the patient", patients were more likely to use the PtDA (OR 2.29 (1.12-4.71)). Educational level was not related to the probability of PtDA use. Conclusions We accomplished a high level of PtDA use. Patients were more likely to use the PtDA if they received the link via the surgery department and if "to be discussed with the patient" was written in the multidisciplinary team report.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)685-695
Number of pages11
JournalBreast Cancer Research and Treatment
Issue number3
Early online date24 Oct 2020
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021


  • Patient decision aid
  • Implementation
  • Breast irradiation
  • Shared decision-making

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