Implementation of web-based interventions by Dutch occupational health centers

Michel Jean Louis Walthouwer*, Anke Oenema, Katja Soetens, Lilian Lechner, Hein de Vries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The aim of this qualitative study was to identify barriers and facilitators to the adoption and particularly the implementation of a web-based computer-tailored obesity prevention intervention by occupational health centers. Participants were directors of Dutch occupational health centers who had adopted and implemented the intervention for the corresponding efficacy study (n = 8) as well as non-adopters (n = 12). Individual semi-structured interviews were carried out to study barriers and facilitators related to the intervention, the user, the organization, and the socio-political environment. All interviews were carried out by telephone, audio-recorded and transcribed verbatim. The transcripts were analyzed using a directed-content approach and coded by two persons. There were important differences in perceptions between adopters and non-adopters, particularly on barriers and facilitators related to the intervention and the personal beliefs of the implementer. The relative advantages of the intervention were considered to be most important. Participants also indicated that their personal attitudinal and self-efficacy beliefs influenced their implementation efforts. Regarding the organization, the possibilities to increase profits and integrate the intervention within the organization were considered to be important facilitators for the implementation. Participants mentioned few implementation barriers and facilitators related to the socio-political environment. Strategies to improve the implementation of web-based computer-tailored interventions by occupational health centers should be tailored to implementers' unique perceptions and particularly address the perceived advantages and disadvantages of the intervention, attitudinal and self-efficacy beliefs, and the potential to increase organizations' profits and competitiveness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)818-830
Number of pages13
JournalHealth Promotion International
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017


  • occupational health centers
  • qualitative study
  • implementation
  • determinants
  • web-based intervention
  • CARE

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