Implant stability in patients treated with platelet-rich fibrin and bovine bone substitute for alveolar ridge preservation is associated with peripheral blood cells and coagulation factors

Joost E. I. G. Brouwers, Lisa N. van Der Vorm, Sharon Buis, Rianne Haumann, Avesta Karanzai, Joke Konings, Philip G. de Groot, Bas de Laat, Jasper A. Remijn*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

3 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Aims The aim of the present study was to assess the association between dental implant stability and peripheral blood cell composition and levels of coagulation factors in patients treated with alveolar ridge preservation with platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) and bovine bone substitute. Materials and methods Fifty patients were included between 2015 and 2017. PRF was prepared from autologous blood, in which blood cells and coagulation factor levels were measured. PRF and bovine bone were placed in the socket, followed by closure with PRF membrane. Implants were placed 14 (+/- 2.5) weeks postextraction. The implant stability quotient was measured at t = 0, t = 10 days, t = 7 weeks, and t = 17 weeks by resonance frequency analysis. Results Erythrocyte count was inversely associated with PRF membrane length, but not with implant stability. Conversely, platelet count did not correlate with membrane size but inversely correlated with implant stability at 7 and 17 weeks. In addition, implant stability was directly correlated with levels FXIII (t = 0, p <.01), active von Willebrand factor (VWF; t = 0 and 7 weeks, p <.05), and total VWF (t = 7 weeks, p = .012). Conclusion Implant stability following alveolar ridge preservation with PRF and bovine bone substitute is associated with circulating blood cells and coagulation factors. In particular, fibrin structure, VWF, and FXIII may be important modulators of implant stability.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)236-243
Number of pages8
JournalClinical and Experimental Dental Research
Volume6
Issue number2
Early online date6 Dec 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020

Keywords

  • alveolar ridge preservation
  • blood cells
  • blood coagulation
  • implant stability
  • platelet-rich fibrin
  • VON-WILLEBRAND-FACTOR
  • GROWTH-FACTOR
  • LEUKOCYTE
  • RELEASE
  • CLOT

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