Impaired cardiac functional reserve in type 2 diabetic db/db mice is associated with metabolic, but not structural, remodelling

A. Daniels, M. van Bilsen, B.J.A. Janssen, A. E. Brouns, J.P.M. Cleutjens, T. H. Roemen, G. Schaart, J. van der Velden, G.J. van der Vusse, F.A. van Nieuwenhoven

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Abstract

AIM: To identify the initial alterations in myocardial tissue associated with the early signs of diabetic cardiac haemodynamic dysfunction, we monitored changes in cardiac function, structural remodelling and gene expression in hearts of type 2 diabetic db/db mice. METHODS: Cardiac dimensions and function were determined echocardiographically at 8, 12, 16 and 18 weeks of age. Left ventricular pressure characteristics were measured at 18 weeks under baseline conditions and upon dobutamine infusion. RESULTS: The db/db mice were severely diabetic already at 8 weeks after birth, showing elevated fasting blood glucose levels and albuminuria. Nevertheless, echocardiography revealed no significant changes in cardiac function up to 18 weeks of age. At 18 weeks of age, left ventricular pressure characteristics were not significantly different at baseline between diabetic and control mice. However, dobutamine stress test revealed significantly attenuated cardiac inotropic and lusitropic responses in db/db mice. Post-mortem cardiac tissue analyses showed minor structural remodelling and no significant changes in gene expression levels of the sarcoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCA2a) or beta1-adrenoceptor (beta1-AR). Moreover, the phosphorylation state of known contractile protein targets of protein kinase A (PKA) was not altered, indicating unaffected cardiac beta-adrenergic signalling activity in diabetic animals. By contrast, the substantially increased expression of uncoupling protein-3 (UCP3) and angiopoietin-like-4 (Angptl4), along with decreased phosphorylation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) in the diabetic heart, is indicative of marked changes in cardiac metabolism. CONCLUSION: db/db mice show impaired cardiac functional reserve capacity during maximal beta-adrenergic stimulation which is associated with unfavourable changes in cardiac energy metabolism.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)11-22
Number of pages12
JournalActa Physiologica
Volume200
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2010

Keywords

  • diabetic cardiomyopathy
  • fibrosis
  • hypertrophy
  • metabolism
  • ANGIOPOIETIN-LIKE PROTEIN-4
  • MYOCARDIAL DYSFUNCTION
  • CONTRACTILE FUNCTION
  • PERFUSED HEARTS
  • CARDIOMYOPATHY
  • EFFICIENCY
  • EXERCISE
  • MOUSE
  • HYPERLIPIDEMIA
  • OVEREXPRESSION

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