Impact of Virtual Reality Experience on Accessibility of Cultural Heritage

Alice Paladini*, Eslam Nofal, Koen Van Balen, Mario Santana Quintero

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Accessibility plays a main role among the aspects that contribute to the conservation of Cultural Heritage sites. Seismic stability, fragility of the artefacts, conflicts, deterioration, natural disasters, climate change and visitors' impact are only some of the possible causes that might lead to the inaccessibility of a heritage site for both researchers and visitors.The increasing potential of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) in the conservation field has resulted in the development of Augmented and Virtual reality (AR and VR) experiences. These ones can be very effective for what concerns the description of the visual experience, but also improve the understanding of a site and even became analytic research tools.This paper presents an inaccessible Buddhist temple in the Myanmar city of Bagan as a case study for the realization of a VR experience that aims at providing accessibility to knowledge and therefore a better understanding of the cultural value. In order to evaluate the effectiveness of the VR for this purpose, a user study has been conducted and its results are reported.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)929-936
Number of pages8
JournalThe International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences
Publication statusPublished - May 2019
Externally publishedYes


  • Accessibility
  • Virtual Reality
  • wall paintings
  • Conservation
  • Cultural Heritage
  • Bagan
  • Myanmar

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