Impact of stent-graft complexity on mid-term results in fenestrated endovascular aortic repair (FEVAR) of juxtarenal and suprarenal abdominal aortic aneurysms

Ozan Yazar, Gabriela Pilz da Cunha, Michiel W de Haan, Barend M Mees, Geert W Schurink*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: The impact of stent-graft complexity on clinical outcome after fenestrated endovascular aortic aneurysm repair (FEVAR) has been conflicting in the literature. The objective of this study was to compare mid-term results of stent-grafts with renal fenestrations alone with more complex stent-grafts including mesenteric fenestrations. METHODS: A single center retrospective study was conducted on 154 patients, who underwent FEVAR from 2006 to 2020 at our institution. RESULTS: There were 54 (35.1%) patients in the renal FEVAR group and 100 (64.9%) patients in the complex FEVAR group. Median follow-up of the total group was 25 months (IQR 7-45). There were no significant differences in technical success and perioperative mortality. Intraoperative complications (4% vs. 18%, P=0.001), operative time (145 min vs. 191 min, P=0.001), radiation dose (119372 mGy*cm2 vs. 159573 mGy*cm2, P=0.004) and fluoroscopy time (39 min vs. 54 min, P=0.007) were significantly lower in the renal FEVAR group. During follow-up target vessel instability, endoleaks and reinterventions were not significantly different between the two groups. CONCLUSIONS: In this single center retrospective study, renal FEVAR was a safe and effective treatment for patients with juxtarenal AAA demonstrating fewer intraoperative complications and similar mid-term outcomes as complex FEVAR. If the anatomy is compatible for renal FEVAR, it might be unnecessary to expose patients to potentially more complications by choosing a complex FEVAR strategy.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)268-278
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume64
Issue number3
Early online date14 Sept 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2023

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