Impact of preprocedural TIMI flow on clinical outcome in low-risk patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction: Results from the ATLANTIC study

T. Bauer*, U. Zeymer, A. Diallo, E. Vicaut, L. Bolognese, A. Cequier, K. Huber, G. Montalescot, C.W. Hamm, A.W. van 't Hof, ATLANTIC Investigators

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


OBJECTIVES This study sought to analyze the impact of the preprocedural thrombolysis in myocardial infarction (TIMI) flow on clinical outcome in patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI).BACKGROUND Previous studies have shown that the TIMI flow 0/1 prior to primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) is associated with a poor clinical outcome. However, it is unclear whether the same is true in patients with ongoing STEMI of less than 6 hr duration, rapid reperfusion, and modern guideline-adherent therapy.METHODS The ATLANTIC study compared prehospital versus inhospital treatment with ticagrelor in patients with acute STEMI. For this analysis, patients were divided into three groups according to the preprocedural TIMI flow grade of the infarct vessel: TIMI 0/1, TIMI 2, and TIMI 3.RESULTS From a total of 1,680 patients, 1,113 had TIMI 0/1, 279 TIMI 2, and 288 TIMI 3 flow before primary PCI. At 30 days, the composite ischemic endpoint (5.5, 2.9, and 2.1%, p < .05) and all-cause death (3.0, 1.4, and 2.1%, p = .30) were highest in patients with TIMI flow 0/1. After adjustment, preprocedural TIMI flow <3 (versus 3) was not an independent predictor of major adverse ischemic events within 30 days (odds ratio 1.89, 95% confidence interval 0.74-4.85). However, definite stent thrombosis occurred only in patients with initial TIMI flow 0/1 (1.0%). Among these patients, those with prehospital administration of ticagrelor were less often affected (0.3% vs. 1.3%, p < .05).CONCLUSION In this post-hoc analysis, preprocedural TIMI flow was not independently associated with a higher rate of adverse ischemic events.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)494-500
Number of pages7
JournalCatheterization and Cardiovascular interventions
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 15 Feb 2020


  • artery patency
  • pci
  • percutaneous coronary intervention
  • prehospital ticagrelor
  • primary angioplasty
  • reperfusion
  • stemi
  • stent thrombosis
  • timi flow grade
  • PCI
  • TIMI flow grade

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