Impact of Bariatric Surgery on the Stability of the Genetic Material, Oxidation, and Repair of DNA and Telomere Lengths

F. Ferk, M. Misik, B. Ernst, G. Prager, C. Bichler, D. Mejri, C. Gerner, A. Bileck, M. Kundi, S. Langie, K. Holzmann, S. Knasmueller*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Obesity causes genetic instability, which plays a key-role in the etiology of cancer and aging. We investigated the impact of bariatric surgery (BS) on DNA repair, oxidative DNA damage, telomere lengths, alterations of antioxidant enzymes and, selected proteins which reflect inflammation. The study was realized with BS patients (n = 35). DNA damage, base oxidation, BER, and NER were measured before and 1 month and 6 months after surgery with the single-cell gel electrophoresis technique. SOD and GPx were quantified spectrophotometrically, malondealdehyde (MDA) was quantified by HPLC. Telomere lengths were determined with qPCR, and plasma proteome profiling was performed with high-resolution mass spectrophotometry. Six months after the operations, reduction of body weight by 27.5% was observed. DNA damage decreased after this period, this effect was paralleled by reduced formation of oxidized DNA bases, a decline in the MDA levels and of BER and NER, and an increase in the telomere lengths. The activities of antioxidant enzymes were not altered. Clear downregulation of certain proteins (CRP, SAA1) which reflect inflammation and cancer risks was observed. Our findings show that BS causes reduced oxidative damage of DNA bases, possibly as a consequence of reduction of inflammation and lipid peroxidation, and indicate that the surgery has beneficial long-term health effects.
Original languageEnglish
Article number760
Number of pages18
JournalAntioxidants
Volume12
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2023

Keywords

  • bariatric surgery
  • DNA stability
  • DNA repair
  • redox status
  • proteome profiling
  • BASE-EXCISION-REPAIR
  • GASTRIC BYPASS
  • OBESE-PATIENTS
  • WEIGHT-LOSS
  • FOLLOW-UP
  • DAMAGE
  • LYMPHOCYTES
  • OVERWEIGHT
  • PROTEIN
  • STRESS

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