Impact of aging and exercise on skeletal muscle mitochondrial capacity, energy metabolism, and physical function

L Grevendonk, N J Connell, C McCrum, C E Fealy, L Bilet, Y M H Bruls, J Mevenkamp, V B Schrauwen-Hinderling, J A Jörgensen, E Moonen-Kornips, G Schaart, B Havekes, J de Vogel-van den Bosch, M C E Bragt, K Meijer, P Schrauwen, J Hoeks*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

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Abstract

The relationship between the age-associated decline in mitochondrial function and its effect on skeletal muscle physiology and function remain unclear. In the current study, we examined to what extent physical activity contributes to the decline in mitochondrial function and muscle health during aging and compared mitochondrial function in young and older adults, with similar habitual physical activity levels. We also studied exercise-trained older adults and physically impaired older adults. Aging was associated with a decline in mitochondrial capacity, exercise capacity and efficiency, gait stability, muscle function, and insulin sensitivity, even when maintaining an adequate daily physical activity level. Our data also suggest that a further increase in physical activity level, achieved through regular exercise training, can largely negate the effects of aging. Finally, mitochondrial capacity correlated with exercise efficiency and insulin sensitivity. Together, our data support a link between mitochondrial function and age-associated deterioration of skeletal muscle. Aging is associated with a progressive loss of muscle function. Here the authors characterize mitochondrial capacity and muscle function in young and older adults with similar habitual physical activity and also compared to older adults with exercise training or with physical impairment.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4773
Number of pages17
JournalNature Communications
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Aug 2021

Keywords

  • AGE
  • DYNAMIC STABILITY CONTROL
  • FIBER-TYPE
  • MASS
  • OLDER-ADULTS
  • PERFORMANCE
  • RESPIRATION
  • SARCOPENIA
  • STRENGTH
  • WALKING

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