Immobilization of proteins has been examined to improve implant surfaces. In this study, titanium surfaces were modified with nanofunctionalized denosumab (cDMAB), a human monoclonal anti-RANKL IgG. Noncoding DNA oligonucleotides (ODN) served as linker molecules between titanium and DMAB. Binding and release experiments demonstrated a high binding capacity of cDMAB and continuous release. Human peripheral mononuclear blood cells (PBMCs) were cultured in the presence of RANKL/MCSF for 28 days and differentiated into osteoclasts. Adding soluble DMAB to the medium inhibited osteoclast differentiation. On nanofunctionalized titanium specimens, the osteoclast-specific TRAP5b protein was monitored and showed a significantly decreased amount on cDMAB-titanium in PBMCs + RANKL/MCSF. PBMCs on cDMAB-titanium also changed SEM cell morphology. In conclusion, the results indicate that cDMAB reduces osteoclast formation and has the potential to reduce osteoclastogenesis on titanium surfaces.
- Cell Differentiation/drug effects
- Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor/pharmacology
- Osteogenesis/drug effects
- RANK Ligand/pharmacology
- Tartrate-Resistant Acid Phosphatase/metabolism
- RANKL/RANK/OPG SYSTEM
- PERIPROSTHETIC OSTEOLYSIS