Imagining Success: Multiple Achievement Goals and the Effectiveness of Imagery

Tim Blankert, Melvyn R. W. Hamstra*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


Abstract imagery (richly imagining carrying out a task successfully) is a popular performance-enhancement tool in many domains. This experiment sought to test whether pursuing two achievement goals (vs. One) benefits performance after an imagery exercise. We examined mastery goals (aiming to improve skill level) and performance goals (aiming to outperform others) among 65 tennis players who were assigned to a mastery goal condition, a performance goal condition, or a mastery goal and performance goal condition. After reading instructions for a service task, which included the goal manipulation, participants completed 20 tennis services. They then completed an imagery exercise and, finally, completed another 20 services. Postimagery service performance was better in the dual-goal condition than in the other conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)60-67
JournalBasic and Applied Social Psychology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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