Identifying Subtypes of Spousal Assaulters Using the B-SAFER

J. Thijssen*, C. de Ruiter

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


In the present study, a structured risk assessment instrument for intimate partner violence, the Brief Spousal Assault Form for the Evaluation of Risk (B-SAFER), was coded for 146 files of spousal assault cases from the Dutch probation service, dating from 2004 and 2005. The aim of the study was twofold: (a) to validate Holtzworth-Munroe and Stuart's typology using the risk factors of the B-SAFER and (b) to examine the relationship between the subtypes found and recidivism rates. Four subtypes of assaulters were identified: family only, generally violent/antisocial, low-level antisocial, and psychopathology. These subtypes were comparable to the subtypes found in previous studies. The generally violent/antisocial subtype had the highest recidivism rate, although not significantly different from the other three subtypes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1307-1321
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2011


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