Identification problems in personality psychology

L. Borghans, B.H.H. Golsteyn, J. Heckman*, J.E. Humphries

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

This paper discusses and illustrates identification problems in personality psychology. The measures used by psychologists to infer traits are based on behaviors, broadly defined. These behaviors are produced from multiple traits interacting with incentives in situations. In general, measures are determined by these multiple traits and do not identify any particular trait unless incentives and other traits are controlled for. Using two data sets, we show, that substantial portions of the variance in achievement test scores and grades, which are often used as measures of cognition, are explained by personality variables. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)315-320
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Volume51
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2011

Keywords

  • Identification problem
  • Personality
  • Psychology
  • Achievement test
  • Grades
  • NONCOGNITIVE SKILL FORMATION
  • TEST-SCORES
  • TEST ANXIETY
  • PERFORMANCE
  • TECHNOLOGY
  • ABILITY
  • SELF
  • IQ

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