Identification of differentially expressed genes in subcutaneous adipose tissue from subjects with familial combined hyperlipidemia

P.M.H. Eurlings, C.J.H. van der Kallen, J.M.W. Geurts, P. Kouwenberg, W.D. Boeckx, T.W.A. de Bruin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Cardiovascular Research Institute Maastricht, University of Maastricht, Maastricht, The Netherlands.

Subjects with familial combined hyperlipidemia (FCHL) are characterized by a complex metabolic phenotype with hyperlipidemia, insulin resistance, and central obesity. FCHL is due to impaired adipose tissue function superimposed on hepatic overproduction of lipoproteins. We investigated adipose tissue as an interesting target tissue for differential gene expression in FCHL. Human cDNA expression array analyses, in which adipose tissue from five FCHL patients was compared with that from four age, gender, and BMI matched controls, resulted in the identification of 22 up-regulated and three down-regulated genes. The genes differentially expressed imply activation of the adipocyte cell cycle genes. Furthermore, the differential expression of the genes coding for tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin 6, and intracellular adhesion molecule 1 support a role for adipose tissue in insulin resistance in FCHL subjects. The observed changes represent a primary genetic defect, an adaptive response, or a contribution of both.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)930-935
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Lipid Research
Volume43
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2002

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