The effect of anesthetic management (general anesthesia [GA], conscious sedation, or local anesthesia) on functional outcome and the role of blood pressure management during endovascular treatment (EVT) for acute ischemic stroke is under debate. We aimed to determine whether hypotension during EVT under GA is associated with functional outcome at 90 days.
We retrospectively collected data from patients with a proximal intracranial occlusion of the anterior circulation treated with EVT under GA. The primary outcome was the distribution on the modified Rankin Scale at 90 days. Hypotension was defined using two thresholds: a mean arterial pressure (MAP) of 70 mm Hg and a MAP 30% below baseline MAP. To quantify the extent and duration of hypotension, the area under the threshold (AUT) was calculated using both thresholds.
Of the 366 patients included, procedural hypotension was observed in approximately half of them. The occurrence of hypotension was associated with poor functional outcome (MAP = 30%: acOR, 0.76; 95% CI, 0.48-1.21). In addition, an association was found between the number of hypotensive periods and poor functional outcome (MAP = 30%: acOR, 0.90 per period; 95% CI, 0.78-1.04). No association existed between AUT and functional outcome (MAP = 30%: acOR, 1.000 per 10 mm Hg*min; 95% CI, 0.999-1.000).
Occurrence of procedural hypotension and an increase in number of procedural hypotensive periods were associated with poor functional outcome, whereas the extent and duration of hypotension were not. Randomized clinical trials are needed to confirm our hypothesis that hypotension during EVT under GA has detrimental effects.
- INDIVIDUAL PATIENT DATA
- CONSCIOUS SEDATION
- INTRAOPERATIVE HYPOTENSION
- INTRAARTERIAL TREATMENT