Hypertrophic remodelling in cardiac regulatory myosin light chain (MYL2) founder mutation carriers

Godelieve R. F. Claes*, Florence H. J. van Tienen, Patrick Lindsey, Ingrid P. C. Krapels, Apollonia van den Enden, Maria Hoos, Yvette E. G. Barrois, Johanna Janssen, Aimee D. C. Paulussen, Jan-Willem E. M. Sels, Simone H. H. Kuijpers, J. Peter van Tintelen, Maarten P. van den Berg, Wilfred F. Heesen, Pablo Garcia-Pavia, Andreas Perrot, Imke Christiaans, Simone Salemink, Carlo L. M. Marcelis, Bert SmeetsHan G. Brunner, Paul G. A. Volders, Arthur van den Wijngaard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Aims Phenotypic heterogeneity and incomplete penetrance are common in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM). We aim to improve the understanding in genotype-phenotype correlations in HCM, particularly the contribution of an MYL2 founder mutation and risk factors to left ventricular hypertrophic remodelling. Methods and results We analysed 14 HCM families of whom 38 family members share the MYL2 c.64G. A [p.(Glu22Lys)] mutation and a common founder haplotype. In this unique cohort, we investigated factors influencing phenotypic outcome in addition to the primary mutation. The mutation alone showed benign disease manifestation with low penetrance. The co-presence of additional risk factors for hypertrophy such as hypertension, obesity, or other sarcomeric gene mutation increased disease penetrance substantially and caused HCM in 89% of MYL2 mutation carriers (P = 0.0005). The most prominent risk factor was hypertension, observed in 71% of mutation carriers with HCM and an additional risk factor. Conclusion The MYL2 mutation c.64G. A on its own is incapable of triggering clinical HCM in most carriers. However, the presence of an additional risk factor for hypertrophy, particularly hypertension, adds to the development of HCM. Early diagnosis of risk factors is important for early treatment of MYL2 mutation carriers and close monitoring should be guaranteed in this case. Our findings also suggest that the presence of hypertension or another risk factor for hypertrophy should not be an exclusion criterion for genetic studies.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1815-1822
JournalEuropean Heart Journal
Volume37
Issue number23
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 14 Jun 2016

Keywords

  • Hypertrophy
  • Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy
  • Hypertension
  • Risk factors
  • Genetics
  • Mutation

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