How to Implement Robots in Interventions for Children with Autism? A Co-creation Study Involving People with Autism, Parents and Professionals

Claire A. G. J. Huijnen*, Monique A. S. Lexis, Rianne Jansens, Luc P. de Witte

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review


The aim of this study was to gain insight into how robots can be practically implemented into current education and therapy interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD). This qualitative study included focus groups and co-creation sessions. 73 Participants (professionals and adults with ASD) took part in 13 focus groups to elicit requirements for robot assisted interventions. Additionally, 22 participants (professionals, parents of children with ASD and adults with ASD) generated ideas for interventions using robot KASPAR in three co-creation sessions. This study resulted in: an overview of requirements concerning the robot, end-user, environment and practical implementation; a template to systematically describe robot interventions in general and for KASPAR in particular; and finally new interventions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3079-3096
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Autism and Developmental Disorders
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2017


  • Autism
  • Robot
  • Implementation
  • Robot mediated intervention
  • Co-creation
  • Requirements
  • Robot assisted intervention

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