How parental dietary behavior and food parenting practices affect children's dietary behavior. Interacting sources of influence?

J.K. Larsen, R.C. Hermans, E.F. Sleddens, R.C. Engels, J.O. Fisher, S. Kremers

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Until now, the literatures on the effects of food parenting practices and parents' own dietary behavior on children's dietary behavior have largely been independent from one another. Integrating findings across these areas could provide insight on simultaneous and interacting influences on children's food intake. In this narrative review, we provide a conceptual model that bridges the gap between both literatures and consists of three main hypotheses. First, parental dietary behavior and food parenting practices are important interactive sources of influence on children's dietary behavior and Body Mass Index (BMI). Second, parental influences are importantly mediated by changes in the child's home food environment. Third, parenting context (i.e., parenting styles and differential parental treatment) moderates effects of food parenting practices, whereas child characteristics (i.e., temperament and appetitive traits) mainly moderate effects of the home food environment. Future studies testing (parts of) this conceptual model are needed to inform effective parent-child overweight preventive interventions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)246-257
JournalAppetite
Volume89
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

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