How Ethical Ideologies Relate to Public Attitudes Toward Nonhuman Animals: The Japanese Case

Bingtao Su*, Naoko Koda, Pim Martens

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

How ethical ideologies relate to public attitudes toward nonhuman animals is an increasingly prominent topic, yet it has been largely unstudied, particularly in Asian countries such as Japan. Using the Ethics Position Questionnaire (EPQ), Animal Attitude Scale (AAS), and Animal Issue Scale (AIS) in the present study, we examined how ethical ideologies and human demographics relate to public attitudes toward animals from a Japanese cultural perspective. The results of a questionnaire (N = 900) distributed throughout Japan indicate that public attitudes toward animals were positively associated with idealism and negatively associated with relativism. These findings are similar to those from China, but partly in contrast with those from the United States, where relativism was unrelated to attitudes toward animals. Our findings add to a growing recognition of how individual philosophy relates to public attitudes toward animals in Asian countries.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)695-712
Number of pages18
JournalSociety & Animals
Volume28
Issue number7
Early online date2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020

Keywords

  • idealism
  • relativism
  • human demographics
  • attitudes toward animals
  • Japan
  • STUDENTS ATTITUDES
  • UNIVERSITY-STUDENTS
  • GENDER
  • IDEALISM
  • WELFARE
  • MEAT
  • PERCEPTIONS
  • PERSONALITY
  • RELATIVISM
  • VEGETARIAN

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