Background: Inherited retinal diseases (IRDs) are a group of genetic disorders with high degrees of clinical, genetic and allelic heterogeneity. IRDs generally show progressive retinal cell death resulting in gradual vision loss. IRDs constitute a broad spectrum of disorders including retinitis pigmentosa and Leber congenital amaurosis. In this study, we performed genotyping studies to identify the underlying mutations in three Iranian families.
Method: Having employed homozygosity mapping and Sanger sequencing, we identified the underlying mutations in the crumbs homologue 1 gene. The CRB1 protein is a part of a macromolecular complex with a vital role in retinal cell polarity, morphogenesis, and maintenance.
Results: We identified a novel homozygous variant (c.1053_1061del; p.Gly352_Cys354del) in one family, a combination of a novel (c.2086T>C; p.Cys696Arg) and a known variant (c.2234C>T, p.Thr745Met) in another family and a homozygous novel variant (c.3090T>A; p.Asn1030Lys) in a third family.
Conclusion: This study shows that mutations in CRB1 are relatively common in Iranian non-syndromic IRD patients.
- Journal Article