Homocysteine clearance and methylation flux rates in health and end-stage renal disease: association with S-adenosylhomocysteine

F. Stam, C. van Guldener, P.M. ter Wee, W. Kulik, D.E.C. Smith, C. Jakobs, C.D.A. Stehouwer, K. de Meer

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Abstract

Homocysteine clearance and methylation flux rates in health and end-stage renal disease: association with S-adenosylhomocysteine.

Stam F, van Guldener C, ter Wee PM, Kulik W, Smith DE, Jakobs C, Stehouwer CD, de Meer K.

Department of Internal Medicine, and Institute for Cardiovascular Research, Vrije Universiteit Medical Center, 1081 HV Amsterdam, The Netherlands . f.stam@vumc.nl

Hyperhomocysteinemia is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease and occurs frequently in end-stage renal disease (ESRD), but its pathogenesis is poorly understood. We aimed to evaluate one-carbon flux rates of methionine and homocysteine (Hcy) in ESRD patients and healthy controls. Transmethylation (TM), remethylation (RM), and transsulfuration (TS), as well as Hcy clearance by TS (i.e., TS/plasma total Hcy concentration) and by RM (i.e., RM/plasma total Hcy concentration) were evaluated in relation to body composition, vitamins, and S-adenosylhomocysteine (AdoHcy) and S-adenosylmethionine (AdoMet) levels. After a fixed protein diet for 3 days, primed-continuous infusion of [(2)H(3)-methyl-1-(13)C]methionine was performed in the postabsorptive state in 12 hemodialysis patients and 16 healthy volunteers. Hcy clearance by TS (-80%, P < 0.001) and by RM (-77%, P < 0.001) in ESRD patients was decreased compared with healthy controls. The absolute flux rates of TM (-27%, P < 0.01) and RM (-28%, P = 0.02) were lower in the ESRD patients. After adjustment for age, TS was not significantly reduced. Whole blood AdoHcy was significantly elevated in ESRD and was a significant determinant of TM (standardized beta = -1.24, P = 0.01) and RM (standardized beta = -1.43, P = 0.03). In conclusion, patients with ESRD have impaired Hcy clearance by TS and RM. Elevated whole blood AdoHcy levels are associated with impaired RM and TM flux rates in these patients, and AdoHcy may be a key regulatory compound in one-carbon flux
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)F215-F223
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology-Renal Physiology
Volume287
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

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