Higher Levels of Physical Activity are Associated with Greater Fruit and Vegetable Intake in Older Adults

Cindy M. T. Van der Avoort*, D. S. M. Ten Haaf, J. H. M. De Vries, L. B. Verdijk, L. J. C. Van Loon, T. M. H. Eijsvogels, M. T. E. Hopman

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

4 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

Objective High levels of physical activity (PA) and optimal nutrition independently improve healthy aging, but few data are available about how PA may influence food preferences in older populations. Therefore, the aim of our study was to establish if there is an association between habitual PA and intake of nutrient-dense foods (i.e. fruits and vegetables). Design A cross-sectional survey was conducted. Setting The Netherlands. Participants 2466 older adults (56% male, age 62 +/- 9 yr). Measurements PA was assessed using the short questionnaire to assess health (SQUASH) and participants were classified into quintiles of weekly PA (MET-h/wk). Total fruit and vegetable intake was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) and were corrected for energy intake (g/kcal/d) in the analyses. Multiple regression analyses were performed to determine the association between PA and fruit and vegetable intake, including covariates. Results Being in the higher quintiles of PA (Q3, Q4 and Q5) was positively associated with more daily fruit and vegetable consumption, even after correction for total energy intake (Q3; beta=0.089, P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)230-241
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Nutrition Health & Aging
Volume25
Issue number2
Early online date29 Oct 2020
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Healthy eating
  • lifestyle interventions
  • chronic diseases
  • healthy aging
  • ENERGY-INTAKE
  • SHORT QUESTIONNAIRE
  • HEALTH BEHAVIOR
  • GOLDBERG CUTOFF
  • DIETARY HABITS
  • CONSUMPTION
  • RISK
  • CANCER
  • EXERCISE
  • US

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