High vitamin K status is prospectively associated with decreased left ventricular mass in women: the Hoorn Study

J.W.J. Beulens*, E. Dal Canto, C.D.A. Stehouwer, R.J.M.W. Rennenberg, P.J.M. Elders, A.J. van Ballegooijen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

Background Vitamin K is associated with reduced cardiovascular disease risk such as heart failure, possibly by carboxylation of matrix-gla protein (MGP), a potent inhibitor of vascular calcification. The relationship of vitamin K intake or status with cardiac structure and function is largely unknown. Therefore this study aims to investigate the prospective association of vitamin K status and intake with echocardiographic measures. Methods This study included 427 participants from the Hoorn Study, a population-based cohort. Vitamin K status was assessed at baseline by plasma desphospho-uncarboxylated MGP (dp-ucMGP) with higher concentrations reflecting lower vitamin K status. Vitamin K intake was assessed at baseline with a validated food-frequency questionnaire. Echocardiography was performed at baseline and after a mean follow-up time of 7.6, SD=+/- 0.7 years. We used linear regression for the association of vitamin K status and intake with left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), left atrial volume index (LAVI) and left ventricular mass index (LVMI), adjusted for potential confounders. Results The mean age was 66.8, SD=+/- 6.1 years (51% were male). A high vitamin K status was prospectively associated with decreased LVMI (change from baseline to follow-up: -5.0, 95% CI: -10.5;0.4 g/m(2.7)) for the highest quartile compared to the lowest in women (P-interaction sex=0.07). No association was found in men. Vitamin K status was not associated with LVEF or LAVI. Vitamin K intake was not associated with any of the echocardiographic measures. Conclusions This study showed a high vitamin K status being associated with decreased LVMI only in women, while intakes of vitamin K were not associated with any cardiac structure or function measures. These results extend previous findings for a role of vitamin K status to decrease heart failure risk.
Original languageEnglish
Article number85
Number of pages10
JournalNutrition Journal
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Vitamin K status
  • Echocardiograph
  • Matrix gla protein
  • Vascular calcification
  • MATRIX GLA-PROTEIN
  • HEART-FAILURE
  • ARTERIAL STIFFNESS
  • EUROPEAN ASSOCIATION
  • RELATIVE VALIDITY
  • AMERICAN SOCIETY
  • RISK
  • MORTALITY
  • ECHOCARDIOGRAPHY
  • SUPPLEMENTATION

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