High levels of sulfated mucins in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of ICU patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia

P.J.W. Dennesen, E. Veerman, A. van Nieuw Amerongen, J.A. Jacobs, A. Kessels, P. van der Keybus, G. Ramsay, A. van der Ven

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Abstract

High levels of sulfated mucins in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of ICU patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia.

Dennesen P, Veerman E, van Nieuw Amerongen A, Jacobs J, Kessels A, van der Keybus P, Ramsay G, van der Ven A.

Department of Medical Microbiology, University Hospital Maastricht, P.O. Box 5800, 6202 AZ Maastricht, The Netherlands. den@globalxs.nl

OBJECTIVE: To compare the levels of sulfated mucins in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid (BALF) in ICU patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) with those in non-infectious controls, i.e., ventilated ICU patients without VAP, and nonventilated patients. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective study in a mixed intensive care unit and outpatient clinic of a university hospital. PATIENTS: The study included 56 ventilated ICU patients with VAP, 21 ventilated ICU patients without VAP, and 26 nonventilated outpatients with no pulmonary infection. MEASUREMENTS AND RESULTS: Total cell count and differential cell count of BALF samples were determined, and sulfated mucin levels were measured. For this we used the monoclonal antibody F2 against the sulfated Lewis C structure (SO(3)-3Galbeta1-3GlcNAc). Sulfated mucin levels were significantly increased in ICU patients with VAP than in those without VAP and nonventilated patients. No statistical difference was found between the two groups of ICU patients regarding APACHE II score and the duration of mechanical ventilation prior to the bronchoalveolar lavage. CONCLUSIONS: The increased levels of sulfated mucins in ICU patients with VAP are associated with infection and not with ventilation. The increase in sulfated mucins may favor the persistence of those micro-organisms that possess mucin sulfatase activity, which enable them to survive within the mucus, especially Pseudomonas aeruginosa.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)715-719
Number of pages5
JournalIntensive Care Medicine
Volume29
Issue number5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2003

Cite this

Dennesen, P. J. W., Veerman, E., van Nieuw Amerongen, A., Jacobs, J. A., Kessels, A., van der Keybus, P., Ramsay, G., & van der Ven, A. (2003). High levels of sulfated mucins in bronchoalveolar lavage fluid of ICU patients with ventilator-associated pneumonia. Intensive Care Medicine, 29(5), 715-719. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00134-003-1701-7