High intensity training in obesity: a Meta-analysis

Y. Turk*, W. Theel, M. J. Kasteleyn, F. M. E. Franssen, P. S. Hiemstra, A. Rudolphus, C. Taube, G. J. Braunstahl

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journal(Systematic) Review article peer-review

53 Citations (Web of Science)

Abstract

IntroductionHigh Intensity training (HIT) is a time-effective alternative to traditional exercise programs in adults with obesity, but the superiority in terms of improving cardiopulmonary fitness and weight loss has not been demonstrated.

Objectiveto determine the effectiveness of HIT on cardiopulmonary fitness and body composition in adults with obesity compared to traditional (high volume continuous) exercise.

MethodsA systematic search of the main health science databases was conducted for randomized controlled trials comparing HIT with traditional forms of exercise in people with obesity. Eighteen studies were included in the meta-analysis. The (unstandardized) mean difference of each outcome parameters was calculated and pooled with the random effects model.

ResultsHIT resulted in greater improvement of cardiopulmonary fitness (VO2max) (MD 1.83, 95% CI 0.70, 2.96, p

ConclusionTraining at high intensity is superior to improve cardiopulmonary fitness and to reduce %body fat in adults with obesity compared to traditional exercise. Future studies are needed to design specific HIT programs for the obese with regard to optimal effect and long-term adherence.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)258-271
Number of pages14
JournalObesity science & practice
Volume3
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Obesity
  • High intensity training
  • Exercise
  • CORONARY-ARTERY-DISEASE
  • VOLUME SPRINT INTERVAL
  • PHYSICAL-ACTIVITY
  • WEIGHT-LOSS
  • METABOLIC ADAPTATIONS
  • INSULIN-RESISTANCE
  • RANDOMIZED-TRIAL
  • AEROBIC CAPACITY
  • FAT LOSS
  • EXERCISE

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