High-Dimensional Causality for Climatic Attribution

Marina Friedrich, Luca Margaritella, Stephan Smeekes

Research output: Working paper / PreprintPreprint

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Abstract

In this paper we test for Granger causality in high-dimensional vector autoregressive models (VARs) to disentangle and interpret the complex causal chains linking radiative forcings and global temperatures. By allowing for high dimensionality in the model we can enrich the information set with all relevant natural and anthropogenic forcing variables to obtain reliable causal relations. These variables have mostly been investigated in an aggregated form or in separate models in the previous literature. Additionally, our framework allows to ignore the order of integration of the variables and to directly estimate the VAR in levels, thus avoiding accumulating biases coming from unit-root and cointegration tests. This is of particular appeal for climate time series which are well known to contain stochastic trends as well as yielding long memory. We are thus able to display the causal networks linking radiative forcings to global temperatures but also to causally connect radiative forcings among themselves, therefore allowing for a careful reconstruction of a timeline of causal effects among forcings. The robustness of our proposed procedure makes it an important tool for policy evaluation in tackling global climate change.
Original languageEnglish
PublisherCornell University - arXiv
Number of pages38
Publication statusPublished - 8 Feb 2023

Publication series

SeriesarXiv.org
Number2302.03996
ISSN2331-8422

Keywords

  • econ.EM

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